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India will have 7 mega cities by 2030; Delhi to remain 2nd most populous city

07 Sep 2016

images (2) copyNEW DELHI: At present, India is home to five mega cities, with more than 10 million population,however by 2030 this number will go up to seven. Delhi will reman the second most crowded city in the world till 2030, including an amazing 9.6 million individuals to its population - the most in any mega city.

 

The facts have been revealed in the 2016 World Cities Report issued by the UN's department of economic and social affairs.

 

The report has not depended on the administrative boundaries of urban areas but has, instead, liked to utilize the idea of "urban agglomeration" which is "the contiguous urban territory, or developed area". For instance, in case of Delhi urban agglomeration, the satellite cities of Ghaziabad, Noida, Faridabad and Gurgaon are included. Such inclusion makes sense as people in these contiguous areas are economically and socially integrated with the main city.

 

Around the globe, around 500 million individuals live in 31 such mega cities. That is around 6.8% of the world's population or 12% of the world's urban population. The report calculates that by 2030, the number of mega cities will increase to 41 and their population to about 730 million or 8.7% of the world's population.

 

Other Indian cities figuring in 2016's mega cities list are Mumbai, Kolkata, Bengaluru and Chennai. By 2030, Hyderabad and Ahmedabad will join them, as their respective populations would cross 10 million.

 

The UN report demonstrates that only a minority of urban dwellers actually live in mega cities. About 21% of the world's population stays in cities of population between 500,000 to 10 million, while a greater share of 26.8% resides in smaller cities and towns with a population of less than 500,000.

 

By 2030, the world's population will decisively shift to urban living with 60% of the evaluated population living in cities. At present, around 54% of the world's population is urban.

 

Most of the urban growth is happening in developing countries in Asia and Africa. By 2030, as many as 33 of the  41 mega cities will be from the third world. 47 cities that grew by over 6% every year between 2000-2016, six were in Africa, 40 in Asia & only one in North America.

 

Curiously, not all cities are developing. Out of the 1,063 urban areas with a population of more than 500,000, more than 55 have shown a decline since 2000. Most of these cities are in Europe and some in Japan. Their decline is mostly due to falling fertility levels, although some have shown a dip in population due to natural calamities like New Orleans (due to hurricane Katrina) and Sendai in Japan (tsunami).

 

By Sanjay Bansal | Founder & CEO | Affordable Homes India

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