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Sikar - Overview

 

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Sikar

About Sikar City

Sikar is a city located midway between Agra and Bikaner in the Rajasthan state in India. It is the administrative headquarters of Sikar District. Sikar is a historical city and contains many old Havelis (large houses with Mughal-era architecture) which are a huge tourist attraction. It is 114 km away from Jaipur, 320 km from Jodhpur 215 km from Bikaner and 280 km from Delhi. Sikar is known as Education Hub

 

History

Sikar, is one of the historical cities, which is located in the Shekhawati region of Rajasthan State in India. It follows the magnificent art, culture and Padharo Mhare Desh tradition of Rajasthan. It is the administrative headquarter of Sikar District. Sikar is situated midway between Bikaner and Agra on National Highway number 11. It is well connected with Jaipur, which is 114 km away, Jodhpur (320 km away), Bikaner (215 km away) and Delhi (280 km away).

Sikar had been the biggest Thikana (Estate) of the Jaipur state. Previously Sikar was known as Nehrawati. It was the capital town of Thikana Sikar. Sikar is surrounded by the fortified walls consisting of seven “Pols” (gates). These historic gates are named as Bawari gate, Fatehpuri Gate, Nani Gate, Surajpole Gate, Dujod Gate Old, Dujod Gate New and Chandpole Gate. The primitive name of Sikar was “Beer BhanKa Bass”.

Raja Bahadur Singh Shekhawat, the King of Khandela, gifted the “Beer Bhan Ka Bass” to Rao Daulat Singh who was son of Rao Jaswant Singh from Kasli Thikana. In 1687, Rao Daulat Singh Ji laid down the first foundation of new Thikana Sikar at Beer Bhan Ka Bass and built the historic fort here. Later his son Rao Shiv Singh (1721/1748) who was known for his strong, courageous, clever and bold characteristics took the work in hands and completed the fort and other palaces. Shiv Singh, due to his charismatic personality, was the most prominent Rao Raja of Sikar. He beautified entire village with strong “Parkota” surroundings. He was a religious man which shows in famous temple of “GopinathJi”, constructed by him. He was a great state builder, mighty warrior, and a great admirer of art, paintings and architecture.

The successor kings after Shiv Singh were Rao Samrath Singh, Rao Nahar Singh and Rao Chand Singh. Rao Devi Singh ascended the throne of Sikar after Chand Singh. He was again a great warrior and ruler. He ruled Sikar very efficiently. He made Sikar as strongest estate in Shekhawati by his ruling skills. He constructed the forts of Raghunathgarh and Deogarh and also founded Ramgarh Shekhawati. The magnificent temple of RaghunathJi and Hanumanji tells the story of his religious inclination. He was so popular that his period is called the golden ruling period of Sikar. He died in the year 1795. Devi Singh’s son Rao Raja Laxman Singh Ji was also a great emperor. He built the “Laxmangarh Fort” on the scattered pieces of rocks which is a unique work of architecture. Maharaja Sawai Jagat Singh Ji SahebBahadur (II), the king of Jaipur was much pleased with him, as a result the title of ‘Rao Raja’ was conferred upon him by the king. His period was majorly known for love towards art, culture, religion and learning. He was very philanthropic; the Sikar state was very prosperous in his period. The seth’s & the affluent people got the magnificent buildings built & the paintings on them are still worth seeing.

Rao Raja Ram Pratap Singh who ascended the throne after Laxman Singh constructed a marble palace. The golden paintings on its walls are very attractive even now. The successive rulers of Sikar such as Rao Raja Bhairon Singh, Rao Raja Sir Madhav Singh Bahadur (1866/1922), who was granted with the title of Bahadur in 1886. Rao Raja Madhav Singh built huge Victoria Diamonds Jubilee Hall & Madhav Niwas Kothi which are the excellent examples of his love for architecture and paintings. He was always concerned for the public welfare. During the famine crisis in 1899 (Samvat 1956), he started many famine relief work for the poor and hungry people. It is evident from ‘Madhav Sagar Pond’, which was built in 1899. This pond was made at the cost of Rs. 56000 which clearly speaks the benevolence of his ruler. It was in the times of Madhav Singh that Sikar saw the first light of electricity. The roads were also constructed in his time. The old monuments, forts, palaces, boundary walls and temples were reconstructed in his time. He was very strong and courageous. He had very cordial relations with the British Government. The survey of Railway from Jaipur to Sikar was accomplished in his period. After Madhav Singh the throne of Sikar was ascended to Kalyan Singh.

Rao Raja Kalyan Singh was the last ruler of Sikar (1922/1967). Kalyan Singh had been famous for his love of magnanimous building, palaces, temples and ponds. He ruled over Sikar for 32 years. He built clock tower, which adds beauty to the town. For the welfare of public he got the Kalyan Hospital & Kalyan College built. He died in 1967.

Sikar is a very fascinating and attractive spot for the tourist. The fresco Paintings on the ancient havelies, temples and forts captivate the tourist from across the globe. Sikar was the dynasty of royal Shekhawat kings. Still there are many royal Shekhawat family reside in Sikar. One of the greatest Shekhawat, Mr Bhairon Singh Shekhawat, former Vice President of India also belongs to (Khachriyawas) Sikar. Three most prominent business families of the country viz. Bajajs, Birlas and Goenkas also belong to the district.

 

Geography and Climate

Sikar is the district headquarters of Rajasthan's Sikar district which is situated in the eastern part of Rajasthan. It is located at 27.62°N 75.15°E. It has an average elevation of 427 metres (1401 feet).

Sikar has a hot semi-arid climate, rains occur in the monsoon months between June and September. Temperatures remain relatively high throughout the year, with the summer months of April to July having average daily temperatures of around 30 °C (86 °F). The maximum temperatures during the months of May & June can reach close to 50 °C (122 °F) with little to no humidity. During the monsoon there are frequent, heavy rains and thunderstorms, but flooding is not common. The winter months of November to February are also harsh, with average temperatures ranging from 5–15 °C (41–59 °F) and with little or no humidity. There are however several cold fronts that lead to temperatures below freezing −3 °C (27 °F).

 

Connectivity and Transportation

Rail: Sikar comes under the territory of North Western Railway. Recently from the beginning of September, 2012 North Western Railway started gauge conversion of the Sikar-Loharu line section into the broad gauge section which is completed now. As of now Sikar city is connected through meter gauge railway line section to Delhi, Jaipur, Loharu, Rewari, Bikaner, Sri Ganganagar, Churu, and Jhunjhunu. But from the beginning of September, 2012 rail operation has shut downed on Sikar-Loharu line section due to Gauge conversion activity which is expected to start soon.

Air: The nearest airport to Sikar city is Jaipur International Airport, which operates daily flights to Delhi, Mumbai, Hyderabad, Bangalore, Pune, Indore, Ahmedabad, Chennai, Guwahati, Kolkata, Udaipur, Dubai, Sharjah, andMuscat. A new airport is proposed at Shahpura (a town in Jaipur district) that is very near to Sikar. Besides that, a small Air strip at Tarpura village is also available for Small Private Planes Landing (against payment).

Road: Sikar is well connected by roads with Delhi, Chandigarh, Surat, Jaipur, Ajmer, Bikaner and all the major cities of Rajasthan. One National highway NH-11 passes through center of city. NH-11 connects Sikar to Jaipur and Bikaner. The western freight corridor will also pass from sikar which is the main project of central government. Kotputali Kuchaman Mega highway is also passing through Sikar.

Accessibility and Distances from Sikar to Major Cities and Towns:

·         DELHI                   :               280 Km Via Neemkathana & Kotputli.

·         DELHI                   :               331 Km. Via Jhunjhunu, Chirawa, Singhana, Narnaul.

·         JAIPUR                 :               116 Km Via Reengus, Chomu.

·         SURAT                  :              957 Km Via NH 8

·         CHANDIGARH    :               438 Km Via RJ SH 8

·         BIKANER              :               220 Km. Via Fatehpur, Ratangarh.

·         JODHPUR             :               320 Km. Via Nagaur.

·         JAISALMER          :               552 Km Via Bikaner.

·         JAISALMER          :               606 Km. Via Jodhpur.

·         CHURU                 :               90 Km. Via Laxmangarh, Fatehpur & Ramgarh.

·         JHUNJHUNU       :               70 Km. Via Nawalgarh, Dundlod.

·         SALASAR              :               53 Km. Via Laxmangah.

·         AJMER                 :               193 Km. Via RJ SH 7.

·         UDAIPUR             :               494 Km.Via NH 79

·         PILANI                 :               116 Km.Via Jhunjhunu.

 

Economy of Sikar

Sikar district is one of the semi desert districts of Rajasthan. Agriculture and animal husbandry are the main occupation in this district. It was an industrial backward district but since last few years it appears to have bright future for industrial development due to favourable geographical situation regarding availability of raw material from mineral resources. The district of Sikar has important resources. If these resources are harnessed and exploited, they can bring prosperity to the district. These resources are discussed below:

HUMAN RESOURCES

Human resources are the basic input for managing the existing and future industrial development of an area. According to Census 2011, the total working force in the district was estimated at 10.07 Lacs, representing 37.59 percent of the total population. Out of this working force 24.57 percent were males and 13.02 percent were females. Out of total working force Main workers were 6.99 Lacs and Marginal workers were 3.08 Lacs.

OCCUPATIONAL PATTERN OF WORKING FORCE

According to Census 2011, there were 49.81 percent cultivators, 8.73 percent agriculture labourers, 2.26 percent engaged in household industry and the remaining 39.20 percent engaged in other works in Sikar district.

IRRIGATION AND GROUND WATER RESOURCES

The major part of the cropped area in the district is un-irrigated. Wells are the major sources of irrigation in the district. There is only one lake in the district, which is insignificant from the irrigation point of view. There are few streams in the district which flow for some time during rainy season and contribute towards irrigation through sub-surface water to the wells situated near the bank.

The ground water shows large variation, both quantitatively and qualitatively. The water level varies from 5 meters to 60 meters in the different part of the district. The quality of water is fairly good and suitable for drinking as well as irrigation purposes except few places. The ground water resources potential has been computed by ground water Department.

·         Total ground water resources        :       302.1612 MCM

·         Net Extraction                                   :       402.3115 MCM

·         Surplus Potential                              :       40.5225   MCM

·         Stage of development                     :       153.00%

MAJOR CROPS

Bajra, Wheat, Gram, Barley, Rape & Mustard Groundnut, Pulses and Guar are the major crops of the Sikar District. Khariff crops constitute the bulk of field production in the district since the agricultural activities mostly depend on monsoon, the production of different principal crops in Sikar district for the year 2012-2013 and onwards are being given in table.

S.No.

Crop

2012-13

2013-14

2014-15

Area

Production

Area

Production

Area

Production

1

BAJRA

284000

76900

288588

231727

282202

407799

2

WHEAT

91200

302055

97957

335231

99558

325535

3

BARLEY

32950

105429

33313

106602

32649

97959

4

GRAM

45900

50500

60635

62151

40703

44762

5

GUAR

125000

78000

131655

101070

133877

119095

6

RAPES & MUSTARD

58100

69722

61365

78296

57689

75004

7

GROUND NUT

24000

40000

23422

39636

22000

43733

8

METHI

7500

9751

7000

8400

10640

12769

9

PULSES

46000

19000

41489

27191

41962

26463

10

MAIZE

4

8

0

0

0

0

11

SUGARCANE

17

34

0

0

0

0

12

TARAMIRA

530

318

1025

805

1115

533

13

ONION

6120

160700

6879

117729

8227

181060

 

MINERAL RESOURCES

CONCENTRATION AND LOCATION

Neemkathana and Srimadhopur tehsils of Sikar district are enriched with mineral deposit. Principal minerals available in the district are Calcite, Dolomite, Marble, Limestone, China clay, Masonry Stone, quartz silica sand etc. It is important to note that the production of good quality of marble has been started in the district and it has good potential. Area-wise of mineral is being given below:

S. NO

NAME OF MINERAL

TEHSIL

OCCURRENCE

1

LIMESTONE

ALL

-----

2

CHINA CLAY

NEEM KA THANA

BECHARIA, TORDA PURUSHOTTAM PURA

3

CALCITE

SRI MADHOPUR

RAIPUR, SADAIPURA, JILLO

4

DOLOMITE

NEEM KA THANA

RAMGARH MAONDA

5

FELSPAR

NEEM KA THANA

CHAFALO, CHOOLA

6

QUARTZ

NEEN KA THANA SRI MADHOPUR

BUCHARA, CHOOLA, MAHUWA

7

IRON

NEEM KA THANA

RAIPUR, BAGODI, SIROHI PACHNONGI

 

 

Infrastructure

Infrastructural facilities like power, banking, transport, education, health, communication, etc. play a vital role in the promotion and development of industries in an area.

 

Population of Sikar

Sikar city has a population of about 237,579 people according to the census of 2011. As per provisional reports of Census India, population of Sikar in 2011 is 237579; of which male and female are 123156 and 114423 respectively. The sex ratio of Sikar city is 929 per 1000 males. In education section, total literates in Sikar city are 158413 of which 91403 are males while 67010 are females. Average literacy rate of Sikar city is 77.13 percent of which male and female literacy was 86.29 and 67.37 percent respectively. Total children age group (0-6) in Sikar city are 32189 as per figure from Census India report on 2011. There were 17236 boys while 14953 are girls. Child sex ratio of girls is 868 per 1000 boys.

 

Places of Interest

Khatu Shyamji: Khatushyamji is located 65 Km. away from Sikar &80 Km. from Jaipur via Reengus. This little village is famous for Shyamji Temple built with white marbles. Ponds for holy dip and Shyam garden is worth visiting.

The legend of this immensely popular Krishna temple can be traced back to the medieval Mahabharat where, Barbareek the son of great Pandav brother Bhim and Nag Kanya (snake princess) displayed his great warrior skills that pleased Lord Shiva who endowed his blessings in the form of Teen Ban (three arrows) and Agni Dev (fire god) gave him a bow, so that he could conquer all the three worlds. In order to watch the famous war of Mahabharat, he sat towards the battle field and in between his tryst with a Lord Krishna in disguise become a vital part of the history and thus the incarnation of Khatu Shyamji. The lord Krishna asked the young Barbareek to sacrifice his head for charity, because otherwise the victory of Pandavas would not be possible since he possessed the Teen Bans. The boy maintained his promise of Sheesh Dan as a true Kshatriya but at the same time wished to watch the war and his wish was granted. Later on, his head was buried in Khatu where the king had a dream and was inspired to construct a temple and place the head in a religious manner. Till this date his devotees are blessed by just pronouncing his name from the bottom of their heart with true Samarpan.

The Khatu Shyamji Fair held in the months of February and March and various forms of dance, art and music are displayed. An annual fair also held between the Phalgun Sudi Dashmi and Dwadashi, lasting for three days.

Dargah Hazrat Khwaja Haji Muhammad Najmuddeen Sulaimani Chishti Al-Farooqui: Hazrat Khwajah Haji Muhammad Najmuddin Sulaimani Chishti R.A. mostly famed as Huzoor Najam Sirkar is the Well-known name among the Aulia-e-Ekram of the Sacred Land of Rajasthan (The Land of Hazrat Khwajah Gareeb Nawaz R.A. & Hazrat Sufi Hameeduddin Nagauri R.A.), belongs to the great Silsilah-e-Chishtiah. His Holy Shrine is located at Fatehpur Shekhawati in district Sikar which is 165 km away from Jaipur and 55 km from Sikar on N.H. 12.

In the 13th century Hijri he had played a prominent role in spreading the Silsilah in the all parts of the country. There are a few examples like Huzoor Najam Sarkar, in the history of Sufism in India, the way he had serve the religion, tableegh, and isha’at of the Silsilah-e-Chishtia and was a perfect match of elm e Shari’ at and Tassawwuf.

Harshnath temple: The Harshnath temple, belonging to the 10th century, is located on the Aravalli Hills near Sikar. It is an ancient site famous for the ruins old Shiva Temple (10th Century). The remnants of the ancient Shiva temple can be seen at the site. The architectural display of the old temple is breath taking. Another Shiva temple, constructed in the 18th century by Shiv Singh of Sikar, is situated near the Harshnath temple.

Jeemata Temple: Jeenmata is a village of religious importance in Sikar district. It is located at a distance of 29 km from Sikar town in south. There is an ancient Temple dedicated to Jeen Mata (Goddess of Power). The sacred shrine of Jeenmata is believed to be a thousand years old. Millions of devotees assemble here for a colourful festival which held twice in a year in the Hindu month of Chaitra and Ashvin during the Navratri. There are number of dharamshalas to accommodate large number of visitors. Just close to this temple her brother Harsh Bhairav nath's temple is situated on the top of the hill.

Fatehpur: Fatehpur is a town in the Sikar district. It is part of the Shekhawati region. It is midway between Jaipur and Bikaner on National Highway 11. Fatehpur is famous for grand havelis with frescos, which is a specialty of the Shekhawati region. A number of bawdis (water bodies) are also centres of attraction here.

Main attraction of Fatehpur are: -

·         Qureshi Farm

·         Nadine Le Prince Cultural Centre

·         Dwarkadheesh Temple

·         Jagannath Singhania Haveli

·         Saraf Haveli

·         Sitaram Kedia Ki Haveli

 

Map of Sikar

 

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Discussion on Sikar

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Value Added Services

 

Government Housing Scheme

 

Banking

  • Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBY)
  • Pradhan Mantri Suraksha Bima Yojana (PMSBY)
  • Pradhan Mantri Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana (PMSSY)
  • Prime Minister Awas Yojana
  • Prime Minister Awas Yojana ( Gramin )
  • Samajwadi Awas Yojana
  • Deen Dayal Jan Awas Yojana
  • Mukhya Mantri Awas Yojna Rajasthan
  • Affordable Housing Policy 2013
  • Smart Cities Mission
  • Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana (PMJDY)
  • Vatika Turning Point

Banking Partners

 

HDFC

  • Corporation Bank
  • HDFC
  • IDBI Bank
  • LIC Housing Finance
  • Oriential Bank of Commerce
  • Reliance Home Finance
  • Bank of Baroda
  • SBI Home Loan
  • ICICI Bank Home Loan
  • India Bulls Home Loan
  • Axis Bank
  • PNB Housing Finance