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Jaipur - Overview

 

Zara Rossa

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Jaipur

About Jaipur

Jaipur is the capital and largest city (in term of size) of the Indian state of Rajasthan in Northern India. It was founded on 18 November 1726 by Maharaja Jai Singh II, the ruler of Amer after whom the city is named. As of 2011, the city has a population of 3.1 million, making it the tenth most populous city in the country. Jaipur is also known as the Pink City of India.

Jaipur Geography and Climate

Jaipur, the capital city of the Indian state of Rajasthan is situated in the eastern border of Thar Desert, a semi-arid land. This state is one of the biggest of the country which shares the international boundary with Pakistan on the western side. Jaipur is popularly known as the pink city and is one of the well-planned cities in India, apparently, also the first. It is positioned at an altitude of 1417 feet above the sea level. On three sides, the city is enclosed by the Aravali hills and this is why, it is safeguarded from the rough desert. In the north, it is surrounded by Sikar and Mahendragarh district; in the south by Tonk; in the east by Alwar, Dausa and Sawai Madhopur; and in the west by Nagaur and Ajmer district.

Jaipur has a semi-arid climate. Temperatures vary here in different seasons. In the summer months of April to June, average daily temperature remains around 35 degree Calcius in Jaipur. May and June are the hottest months in Jaipur. Temperature reaches up to 40-45 degree Calcius in these months.

Annually the rainfall is concentrated in the monsoon months between June (Last of June) and September. It receives over 500 mm (approx 20 inch) of rainfall an average.

History

The city of Jaipur was founded in 1726 by Jai Singh II, the Raja of Amer who ruled from 1688 to 1758. He planned to shift his capital from Amer, 11 km (7 miles) from Jaipur to accommodate the growing population and increasing scarcity of water. Jai Singh consulted several books on architecture and architects while planning the layout of Jaipur. Under the architectural guidance of Vidyadhar Bhattacharya, Jaipur was planned based on the principles of Vastu shastra and Shilpa Shastra. The construction of the city began in 1726 and took four years to complete the major roads, offices and palaces. The city was divided into nine blocks, two of which contained the state buildings and palaces, with the remaining seven allotted to the public. Huge ramparts were built, pierced by seven fortified gates.

During the rule of Sawai Ram Singh, the city was painted pink to welcome the Prince of Wales, later Edward VII, in 1876. Many of the avenues remained painted in pink, giving Jaipur a distinctive appearance and the epithet Pink city. In the 19th century, the city grew rapidly and by 1900 it had a population of 160,000. The wide boulevards were paved and its chief industries were the working of metals and marble, fostered by a school of art founded in 1868. The city had three colleges, including a Sanskrit college (1865) and a girls' school (1867) opened during the reign of the Maharaja Ram Singh II.

Architecture

The city was planned according to Indian Vastu shastra by Vidyadhar Bhattacharya in 1727.There are three gates facing east, west, and north. The eastern gate is called Suraj pol (sun gate), the western gate is called Chand pol (moon gate) and the northern gate faces the ancestral capital of Amer.

The city is unusual among pre-modern Indian cities in the regularity of its streets, and the division of the city into six sectors by broad streets 34 m (111 ft) wide. The urban quarters are further divided by networks of gridded streets. Five quarters wrap around the east, south, and west sides of a central palace quarter, with a sixth quarter immediately to the east. The Palace quarter encloses the Hawa Mahal palace complex, formal gardens, and a small lake. Nahargarh Fort, which was the residence of the King Sawai Jai Singh II, crowns the hill in the northwest corner of the old city.

 

Administration and Politics

The city was planned according to Indian Vastu shastra by Vidyadhar Bhattacharya in 1727.There are three gates facing east, west, and north. The eastern gate is called Suraj pol (sun gate), the western gate is called Chand pol (moon gate) and the northern gate faces the ancestral capital of Amer.

The city is unusual among pre-modern Indian cities in the regularity of its streets, and the division of the city into six sectors by broad streets 34 m (111 ft) wide. The urban quarters are further divided by networks of gridded streets. Five quarters wrap around the east, south, and west sides of a central palace quarter, with a sixth quarter immediately to the east. The Palace quarter encloses the Hawa Mahal palace complex, formal gardens, and a small lake. Nahargarh Fort, which was the residence of the King Sawai Jai Singh II, crowns the hill in the northwest corner of the old city.

 

Economy of Jaipur

In addition to its role as the provincial capital, educational, and administrative centre, the economy of Jaipur is fuelled by tourism, gemstone cutting, the manufacture of jewellery and luxury textiles, and information technology. Three major trade promotion organisations have their offices in Jaipur. These are: Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce & Industry, (FICCI) the PHD Chamber of Commerce and Industry (PHDCCI) and the Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) which has its regional offices here. In 2008, Jaipur was ranked 31 among the 50 Emerging Global Outsourcing cities. Jaipur Stock Exchange is one of the regional stock exchanges in India and was founded in 1989. Jaipur is a major hub for arts and crafts. It has many traditional shops selling antiques, jewellery, handicrafts, gems, bangles, pottery, carpets, textiles, leather and metal products. Jaipur is one of India's largest manufacturers of hand-knotted rugs. Jaipur leg, a rubber-based prosthetic leg for people with below-knee amputations, was designed and is produced in Jaipur.

 

Places of Interest

Jaipur is a major tourist destination in India forming a part of the Golden Triangle. In the 2008 Conde Nast Traveller Readers’ Choice Survey, Jaipur was ranked the 7th best place to visit in Asia. According to TripAdvisor's 2015 Traveller's Choice Awards for Destination, Jaipur ranked 1st among the Indian destination for the year. The Presidential Suite at the Raj Palace Hotel, billed at US$45,000 per night, was listed in second place on CNN's World's 15 most expensive hotel suites in 2012.

Jaipur Exhibition & Convention Centre (JECC) is Rajasthan’s biggest convention and exhibition centre. It is famous for organising events such as Vastara, Jaipur Jewellery Show, Stonemart 2015 and Resurgent Rajasthan Partnership Summit 2015.

Visitor attractions include the Hawa Mahal, Jal Mahal, City Palace, Amer Fort, Jantar Mantar, Nahargarh Fort, Jaigarh Fort, Galtaji, Govind Dev Ji Temple, Garh Ganesh Temple, Sri Kali Temple, Birla Mandir, Sanganeri Gate and the Jaipur Zoo. The Jantar Mantar observatory and Amer Fort are one of the World Heritage Sites. Hawa Mahal is a five-storey pyramidal shaped monument with 953 windows that rises 15 metres (50 ft) from its high base. Sisodiya Rani Bagh and Kanak Vrindavan are the major parks in Jaipur.

 

Transport and Connectivity

Road: Jaipur is located on National Highway No.8 connecting Delhi and Mumbai. National Highway 12 links Jaipur with Kota and National Highway 11 links Bikaner with Agra passing through Jaipur. RSRTC operates bus service to major cities in Rajasthan, New Delhi, Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Punjab and Gujarat. City buses are operated by Jaipur City Transport Services Limited (JCTSL) of RSRTC. The service operates more than 400 regular and low-floor buses. Major bus depots are located at Vaishali Nagar, Vidyadhar Nagar and Sanganer.

Jaipur BRTS was approved by the government in August 2006. Jaipur BRTS is managed by JCSTL, a special purpose vehicle formed by Jaipur Development Authority and Jaipur Nagar Nigam. In Phase I, two corridors have been proposed: a "North-South Corridor" from Sikar Road to Tonk Road and an "East-West Corridor" from Ajmer Road to Delhi Road. A section of the North-South Corridor from bypass near Harmada to Pani Pech became operational in 2010.

Rail: Jaipur is the headquarters of North Western Zone of Indian Railways. Jaipur Railway Station is well connected to all major cities of India like Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai, Bengaluru, Hyderabad, and Ahmedabad. Other stations include Gandhinagar, Durgapura, Jagatpura, Ninad Benad and Sanganer.

Jaipur Metro commenced commercial operation on 3 June 2015. Phase-1A is operational between Mansarovar and Chandpole consisting of 9 stations namely Mansarovar, New Aatish Market, Vivek Vihar, Shayam Nagar, Ram Nagar, Civil Line, Railway Station, Sindhi Camp and Chandpole. Phase-1B is under construction. The estimated cost of the project is ₹550 crores (US$82 million) and it is expected to be completed by 2018.

Air: Jaipur International Airport is in Sanganer, 10 km (6 miles) from the centre. The airport handled 363,899 international and 2,540,451 domestic passengers in 2015–2016. Jaipur Airport also provides air cargo services. During winter, flights towards Indira Gandhi International Airport are diverted to Jaipur Airport due to heavy fog in Delhi. The airport operates regular domestic services to major Indian cities including Ahmedabad, Bengaluru, Chennai, Coimbatore, Delhi, Hyderabad, Kolkata, Mumbai, Pune and Udaipur. International destinations served include Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Muscat, Singapore, Bangkok and Sharjah.

 

Jaipur Metro Project

The Jaipur Metro Rail Corporation (JMRC) has constructed the 2.95 km long Two-lane elevated road from Gopalpura Bari [Jaipur Side] to Sushilpura situated near the Queen’s Circle on Ajmer road at [Ajmer Side]. Project have an opening on Sodala on Hawa sadak and exit on Ajmer road which is connecting Ajmer road to MI road.

How this Engineering Wonder Elevated Road under Metro looks like

Elevated Road is a major road that is raised up above the ground level. Public Transport System is an efficient user of space and energy with reduced level of air and noise pollution and icing on cake is that now people can get 3 different options on this road i.e. to move from Metro, move on elevated road or the normal old road route

Steps Followed to Achieve this Architecture

Towards Reliable Infrastructure: -

Availability and reliability are the key issues of durable infrastructure, which means high quality and low maintenance of the construction parts of the infrastructure which can result in low maintenance, impact of these activities must be minimal.

Upgrading infrastructure is possible without dismantling the existing construction.

Engineering Vision – Big Example for Engineering Architecture

Before designing New Bridge Solutions, JMRC has begun with very complete state of the art on bridge with the help of DMRC.

Innovative Planning and Measures Taken: -

Main needs and Problem on Civil Engineering Structures, General view of New Material Applications (High Performance Steel, Ultra High Performance, Fiber Concrete, Fiber reinforced Polymers and Other materials). Owners and Designers Expectations- This section being mainly based on interviews of Specialists, designers, architects, owners, etc. Evolution of Civil Engineering Structures with particularly interesting analysis of evolution made in past

Testing Quality Standard: -

Jaipur Metro Rail Corporation in a quick development closed down elevated road, for load tests to be carried till May 21. The preparations of the load test have already started. But the traffic is to go its normal course beneath the elevated road. A few days of inconvenience might result in the gift of Metro Rail to Jaipur city. The trail run on tracks was approximately 4km track that is completed. Among the Rapid Transit System of India, it has been recorded fastest to conduct of trial run after starting construction.

Cost Structure: -

JDA has to pay approximately Rs 214 crore construction of elevated road. Estimated Project cost was Rs 200 crore, other than this six percent of the total cost was fixed as administrative charges and Rs 2 Crore as consultancy fees for DMRC.

 

About Metro Project as Whole

The Metro Project Phase 1 was Projected to cost around 1250 Crors from which State Government is investing 600 Crors rest will be beared by State urban development and Housing Board jointly rail which will start from Mansarovar to Badi Chaupar via Civil Lines and Chandpole. However, Phase 2 is expected to cost Rs 7000 crore which will be sourced through Public-Private Partnership(PPP) Metro rail (North-South Corridor) will connect Sitapura Industrial Area in south to Ambabari in North via Ajmeri Gate and MI Road. The tracks will be elevated till Ajmeri Gate and then will go underground After receiving Safety Clearance from Commissioner of Metro Rail Safety (CMRS) in May 2015, Jaipur Metro is expected to hit the tracks in May or June 2015.

Jaipur Metro Rail System is expected to be India’s Sixth Metro Rail System after Kolkata, Delhi NCR, Banglore, Gurgaon and Mumbai.Metro Project.

First Phase

First route of Jaipur Metro rail will connect Mansarovar to Badi Chaupar via Civil Lines and Chandpole is almost completed. Currently testing is in progress that’s the reason elevated road is blocked till 31st May.

Second Phase

The second phase route of Jaipur Metro rail will connect Sitapura Industrial Area in south to Ambabari in North via Ajmeri Gate and MI Road. As per Plan tracks will be elevated till Ajmeri Gate and then will go underground. Road improves access and travel time through underpass for vehicles and a pedestrian subway as well as a tunnel and ramps.

As on Today Development of Jaipur Metro

Jaipur Metro is Expeditious Transit system under construction in the city of Jaipur. After so many turnabouts and scepticism Jaipur Metro Train Project at last Phase one is Complete and will be opened to public soon.

Map of Jaipur

 

 

 

 

 

 
 

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Zara Rossa Affordable Housing

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Signature Global Affordable Housing

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Discussion on Jaipur

Signature Global Affordable Housing

Zara Rossa Affordable Housing

Lotus Homz Affordable Housing

Maxworth Aashray

The Roselia

Pareena Laxmi Homes

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Value Added Services

 

Government Housing Scheme

 

Banking

  • Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBY)
  • Pradhan Mantri Suraksha Bima Yojana (PMSBY)
  • Pradhan Mantri Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana (PMSSY)
  • Prime Minister Awas Yojana
  • Prime Minister Awas Yojana ( Gramin )
  • Samajwadi Awas Yojana
  • Deen Dayal Jan Awas Yojana
  • Mukhya Mantri Awas Yojna Rajasthan
  • Affordable Housing Policy 2013
  • Smart Cities Mission
  • Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana (PMJDY)
  • Vatika Turning Point

Banking Partners

 

HDFC

  • Corporation Bank
  • HDFC
  • IDBI Bank
  • LIC Housing Finance
  • Oriential Bank of Commerce
  • Reliance Home Finance
  • Bank of Baroda
  • SBI Home Loan
  • ICICI Bank Home Loan
  • India Bulls Home Loan
  • Axis Bank
  • PNB Housing Finance