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Ajmer - Overview

 

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Ajmer

About Ajmer

Ajmer is one of the major cities in the Indian state of Rajasthan and is the centre of the eponymous Ajmer District. According to the 2011 census, Ajmer has a population of around 551,360 in its urban agglomeration and 542,580 in the city. The city is located at a distance of 135 km from the state capital Jaipur and 391 km from the national capital New Delhi.

The city was established by a Shakambhari Chahamana (Chauhan) ruler, either Ajayaraja I or Ajayaraja II, and served as the Chahamana capital until the 12th century CE. After the defeat of Prithviraja lll in 1192 CE, the city came under Muslim rule.

Ajmer is surrounded by the Aravalli Mountains. It is a pilgrimage centre for the shrine of the Sufi Saint Khwaja Moinuddin Chishti and is also the base for visiting Pushkar (11 km), an ancient Hindu pilgrimage city, famous for the temple of Brahma. Ajmer has been selected as one of the heritage cities for the HRIDAY - Heritage City Development and Augmentation Yojana scheme of Government of India. Ajmer is also included in the smart cities of India.

 

History of Ajmer

The small town of Ajmer, 78 miles west of Jaipur, played a surprisingly important role in India's history. Set at the point where the rocky Aravalli Hills end and the Thar Desert begins, this was originally the stronghold of the powerful Chauhan Dynasty of Rajputs, who built India's first ever hill fort here in the 7th century, Taragarh, whose ruins you can still see today.

Ajmer was ruled by the great Raja Prithvi Chauhan the last Hindu king of Delhi, until his defeat in 1192. After having changed hands several times, in 1556 Ajmer finally came under the Mughal Emperor, Akbar who used it as the headquarters for his vitally important operations in Rajasthan. It was here, a generation later, that the first British Ambassador, Sir Thomas Roe, had an historic meeting with Emperor Jahangir in 1615, and it was here, half a century later, that the critical battle between the Mughals crown prince, Dara Shukoh, and the usurper, was fought. Later Emperor, Aurangzeb, took place. In the 19th century, Ajmer became a little British enclave, from where the British Chief Commissioner for Rajputana kept and eagle eye on all the Rajput Kingdoms. After the decline of the Mughals, control of Ajmer passed into the hands of the new power brokers, the Marathas, particularly the Scindias of Gwalior. By 1818, Ajmer had come under the influence of the British who left their legacy in the form of some excellent academic institutions like the King George Military School and the prestigious Mayo College, a public school for the young Rajput Princes.

Today Ajmer is, frankly, not the most charming of towns, unlike its hay day in the 17th century when it was Emperor Shah Jahan pleasure resort. There are also various buildings of historical interest to visit here. Ajmer remains the centre of many quality public schools in India to this day.

 

Climate

Ajmer has a hot, semi-arid climate with over 55 centimetres (25.4 in) of rain every year, but most of the rain occurs in the monsoon months, between June and September. Temperatures remain relatively high throughout the year, with the summer months of April to early July having an average daily temperature of about 30 °C (86 °F). During the monsoon there is frequent heavy rain and thunderstorms, but flooding is not a common occurrence. The winter months of November to February are mild and temperate with average temperatures ranging from 15–18 °C (59–64 °F) with little or no humidity. There are, however, occasional cold weather fronts that cause temperatures to fall to near freezing levels.

 

Connectivity and Transportation

By Road:  Ajmer is 140 km from Jaipur. It is connected with bus from many places like Jaipur, Agra, Aligarh, Abu road, Bikaner, Bharatpur, Barmer, Chittorgarh, Jodhpur and Jaisalmer. 

By Train: Ajmer is on the Delhi-Jaipur-Marwar-Ahmedabad-Mumbai line and most trains stops at Ajmer.

By Air: Work on the Kishangarh Airport near Ajmer was inaugurated by Prime Minister Manmohan Singh in September 2013 and it is expected to commence operations in 2016. At present the nearest airport is the Jaipur International Airport, about 132 km away, with daily flights to major cities in India.

Places of Attraction

Nasiyan (Red) Temple -This red temple is a Digambar Jain temple which has a double- storey hall adjacent to the main temple. The hall displays a series of large gold plated wooden figures depicting legends from Jain mythology.

Anasagar Lake - After defeating his enemies, Anaji Chauhan built the lake Anasagar in the year 1140 A.D. Below the embankment of the lake Emperor Jahangir built a beautiful garden and named it as Daulat Bagh. Shahjahan further beautified the place by constructing the marble embankment and five elegant pavilions of polished white marble.

Dargah Khawaja Sahib - Dargah of khwaja Moinuddin Chisti is the great place of pilgrimage for the Muslims. Khwaja reached India in 1162 A.D. from Iran and settled at Ajmer in 1190 A.D. here in his residence he died in 1236 A.D. at the age of 97 and he was buried in his residence itself. Sultan Gayasuddin Khilji built a tomb on this place in 1464 A.D. Akbar built Akbari mosque, a meeting hall and 23m high Buland Darwaja (gate). Shahjahan added Jama Masjid in white marble and the large dome.

Pushkar - Pushkar Raj is the holiest place for the Hindus in Rajasthan. It is 11km from Aimer and there is a beautiful lake. This is the only place in India with a temple exclusively devoted to Lord Brahma. Legend of this place could be found in ‘Padma Purana’. According to the legend Pushkar means a pond created by flower, was formed when Brahma dropped a lotus flower on the earth to determine a place for his yagna, a holy sacrifice.

Taragarh - Maharaja Ajaypal built this fortress. It is 3000 feet above sea level. The giant fort stands guarding the city. It has six gates. The fort also has Miran Saheb ki Dargha who was the governor of the fort and laid down his life in an encounter.

Adhai din ka Jhonpara - The ruins of this building called ‘Adhai din ka Jhonpara’ can be seen at the foot of Taragarh hill. This building was built by Visaldev in 1153 A.D. and was a Sanskrit college building. But afterwards Mohammad Gauri ordered that it should be converted in mosque in two and half days. That is why it is called as ‘Adhai din ka Jhonpara’. This is a good example of Indo - Islamic architecture. The distinct pillars and arched screen with its ruined minarets make it a splendid architectural masterpiece.

 

Ajmer Heritage

The site, Heritage Hotels of Rajasthan, provides a discerning and tasteful traveler with a golden opportunity to undertake a travel tour of Ajmer located in Rajasthan, India, and have a personalized experience of heritage hotels in Ajmer, located in Rajasthan, India. The site, Heritage Hotels of Rajasthan, also offers a lifetime opportunity to undertake a travel tour to Ajmer and while doing so one can have a feel of the royal and stately accommodation available at the key heritage hotel of the order of Hotel Mansingh Palace and others in the whole sequence of heritage hotels in Ajmer and in other parts of Rajasthan, too.

The travel site, Heritage hotels of Rajasthan, opens up a new and unexplored vista of heritage hotels in Ajmer, Rajasthan, India, also spread across the length and breadth of Rajasthan, India. The site, Heritage Hotels of Rajasthan also provides a glimpse into the logic behind these hotels and the enchantingly unique amalgamation of tradition and modernity, which they present before a wary traveler.

Ajmer itself has been a place with a lot of historical value and traditional purchase attached to it. Places of the order of Pushkar Lake, tomb of Moinuddin Chisti, the one and only Brahma Temple coupled with the mysterious Adhai Din ka Jhopda, form the core tourist value of Ajmer, located in Rajasthan, India, which of now has been transformed into a major educational center of Rajasthan and India so to speak.

 

Population of Ajmer

According to the 2011 India census, Ajmer district has a population of 2,584,913, which was made up of 1,325,911 males and 1,259,002 females. Ajmer district had an average literacy rate of 70.46%, male literacy being 83.93% and female literacy 56.42%. There was a total of 1,557,264 literates compared to 1,168,856 in the 2001 census. The population density in Ajmer district was 305 compared to 257 per km2 in 2001. The female to male ratio in Ajmer was 950/1,000. This represents an increase of 2.04% from the 2001 census. Ajmer's population growth in the decade was 18.48%, this compares to a growth figure of 20.93% for the previous decade. The population of Ajmer city according census 2011 is 542,580 positioning Ajmer in top 100 major cities of India and 5th in Rajasthan.

 

Map of Ajmer

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Discussion on Ajmer

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