Rewari is a city and a Municipal Council in Rewari district in the Indian state of Haryana. It is located in south-west Haryana 82 km (51 mi) from old Delhi and 51 km (32 mi) from Gurgaon. Rewari may be considered centre of Ahirwal and dominated by Rao sahab(Yadav). Rewari district is one of the 21 districts of Haryana state, India. The administrative headquarters of this district, Rewari city is the biggest city in this district.
History of Rewari
The History of the district Rewari is contemporary to the history of Delhi. During MAHABHARTA period there was a king named Rewat He had a daughter whose name was Rewati. But the king used to call her Rewa lovingly. The king founded and established a city named “Rewa wadi” after the name of her daughter. Later on Rewa got married with Balram, elder brother of Lord Krishna and the king donated the city “Rewa wadi”as dow ry to her daughter. Later the city Rewa wadi became REWARI.
The majority of the castes which lived in Rewari was Morya, Gupts and Gujjars. Although now the majority is of the Ahirs, all castes live with harmony. In the city the Punjabis and Guptas have hold on the business.
Rewari was accorded the status of a district by the Government of Haryana on November, 1, 1989. Its geographical boundaries have district Jhajjar in its north, Mahendergarh district in its west and district Gurgaon in its east & north-east directions. District Alwar of Rajasthan touches Rewari in the south-east. Prior to it, Rewari was a Sub-division and Tehsil head quarter of district Mahendergarh.
Rewari is a district of Haryana, in which it was placed by the administrators of the British Raj following the unsuccessful Indian Rebellion of 1857, in which a local leader, Rao Tula Ram, played a significant role. It remained a part of Gurgaon district until reorganisation in 1972 saw it transferred to Mahendragarh district. Further changes, in 1989, led to the creation of the eponymous Rewari district.
· Sino-Indian War of 1962
Rewari is well known for the high proportion of soldiers and officers it contributes to the Indian Army and other Armed Forces of India, and for the number of teachers it contributes to the Haryana education system. Soldiers from Rewari area fought bravely in Rezang La Sector in leh ladakh against Chinese incursion.
· Rezang La battle of 1962
Rezang La was the site of the last stand of the 13 Kumaon, an all-Ahir company, during the Sino-Indian War in 1962. The company led by Major Shaitan Singh, who won a posthumous Param Vir Chakra for his actions. From the Indian point of view, Rezang La had the drawback that an intervening feature blocked artillery operation, so that the Indian infantry had to do without artillery cover.
In this action on 18 November 1962, 114 Indian soldiers out of a total of 123 were killed. Almost all of them were from Rewari. A memorial in Rewari, where most of the Ahir soldiers came from, states that 1700 Chinese soldiers were killed in the battle. A memorial was constructed near Dharuhera Chowk in Rewari city by Rezangla Shaurya Samiti. Every year, memorial functions are held by the Samiti in collaboration with district administration and the Kumaon Regiment, and family members of those who died at Rezangla also take part.
Location/Geography of Rewari
Rewari, which forms a part of the National Capital Region, is adjacent to Rajasthan and, therefore, has dust storms in summer. Rugged hilly terrain of Aravali ranges as well as sandy dunes in the district affect the city's climate.
Rewari has a dry, semi-arid climate. The mean minimum and maximum temperature range from 0 °C to 46 °C during January (winter) and May–June (summer) respectively. The summer temperature can go up to 46 °C from May to July. Winter is from November to February and the temperature can fall to 2 °C in December and January. The temperature was recorded as 0 °C on 12 January 2012 and 31 January 2012.
Rain falls from July to September. A little rain is experienced during winter also. Average annual rainfall in Rewari city is 553 millimetres (21.8 in). Rain-fed Sahibi River that originates in Rajasthan passes through Rewari and falls in Najafgarh lake in Delhi. Extremely heavy rains in 1978 flooded Sahibi (and Rewari) which in turn flooded Delhi. A barrage was then constructed at Masani village on junction of NH8 and NH71B to impound the water coming from Rajasthan. However, the barrage has hardly collected any water as the rains have not been heavy for the last 30 years and Rajasthan has built check-dams upstream on Sahibi.  A canal has been constructed in 2009 to carry excess rain water to the barrage to recharge the ground drinking water for Rewari town. The canal takes off from the existing canal near the Kendriya Vidyalaya, Rewari.
Ahirwati, also called ‘Hirwati’ (the language of Ahirs also Language of Rajputana), is spoken in Ahirwal. Rewari, Mahendergarh, Narnaul, Gurgaon, Kotkasim, Kotputli, Bansur, Behror and Mundawar may be considered as the centre of Ahirwati speaking area. It represents the connecting link between Mewati and three other dialects Bangaru, Bagri and Shekhawati.
Connectivity of Rewari
1. Road: Rewari is connected by three national highways: NH8 (Delhi-Jaipur-Mumbai), NH71 (Jalandhar-Rohtak-Jhajjar-Rewari) and NH71B (Rewari-Dharuhera-Sohna-Palwal). State highways connect Rewari to all major towns in Haryana and adjacent districts of Rajasthan. There was an ancient path from Rewari to Delhi called Sher Shah Suri Marg (1545). This road is also called "Dilli(Delhi) Dagda". But unfortunately(Politically) this could not be built.Plans ahead may comeup with its creation.
SH-24 Rewari-Dahina-Kanina-Mahendragarh-Satnali-Loharu 92 km.
SH-26 Gurgaon-Pataudi-Rewari-Narnaul-Singhana 120 km.
SH-15 Shahjahanpur-Rewari 21 km.
Rewari was first connected by a railway line in 1873 when the first metre gauge railway track in India became operational. This track was laid between Delhi and Rewari. The gauge was converted to 1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in) broad gauge in 1995 for one of the tracks under Project Unigauge. This allowed metre gauge trains from Rajasthan to continue up to Delhi Sarai Rohilla on the remaining track. The second track from Rewari to Delhi was converted to broad gauge in 2007 as all the metre gauge tracks from Rewari to cities in Rajasthan had been converted to broad gauge by then.  Thus all the railway tracks from Rewari have been converted to broad gauge obviating the need for change of trains at gauge-change stations such as Delhi and Ahmedabad.
Rewari is a major junction on the Indian railway network and is connected to the major cities of India by direct trains. Six railway lines branch out from it to Delhi, Ajmer via Ringas, Ajmer via Alwar, Loharu, Hisar and Rohtak. The latest sixth line to Jhajjar and Rohtak was constructed in 2008-12 and commissioned in January 2013. A seventh line is being laid from Rewari to Pirthala near Palwal for facilitating carriage of goods. Rewari Railway Junction falls under Jaipur division (Railways). It is also a major reason of dispute between Jaipur and Delhi divisions as the latter intends it to be included in Delhi division. There are plans to electrify the Rewari-Delhi railway line.
The nearest airport is Indira Gandhi International Airport, New Delhi, 75 km away, which is major airport for all International flights. Indira Gandhi Domestic Airport is also at the same distance from Rewari.
Industry in Rewari
Rewari has a variety of industries, from cottage industries to small-scale integrated units and automobiles and auto ancillary industries. The traditional industries are brass metalwork and ornamental shoes (Tilledar Jooti) Rewari has kept the traditional art of Tilledar Jooti alive and is famous for such ornamental local shoes. Various automobiles and auto ancillary industries in Dharuhera and Bawal industrial areas such as Harley Davison (assembling unit), Hero Moto Corp. United Breweries and many more. World's largest production of motor cycles is in Hero Moto Corp. Dharuhera plant.
Rewari district has made unprecedented progress on the industrial front in the last few years. A number of policy initiatives announced by the Government of Haryana from time to time have provided impetus for a rapid growth of industries in the district. The factors like, its ideal location on the National Highway (Delhi–Jaipur road), being in proximity to Delhi, its well-developed infrastructural base like extensive roads and communication network all over the district, total electrification, a large pool of skilled manpower, all supportive social environment and above all the development of various industrial colonies/ estates, such as, Dharuhera Complex, Rewari Complex and Bawal Growth Centre have made Rewari the choicest location for industries and as such high-tech and high value projects involving foreign collaborations and investment have come up in this area. The prominent industries among them are in
Dharuhera Industrial area, Bawal Industrial area, Rewari Industrial area
The products range is wide, such as, Motor Cycles, televisios, non-woven carpets floor tiles, beer, cotton and synthetic Yarn, metal cans, jelley filled, telephone cables, copper and brass sheets and circles, zippers, disposable syringes and heavy earth movers and a host of other consumer and industrial products.
There are 56 Large & Medium scale industrial units with an investment of about Rs. 890 crores. The annual turn-over in the Large scale sector exceeds Rs.2050 crores. The employment provided in this sector is more than 16,000 persons.
There are more than 2250 small scale and rural industries in the district with an investment of more than Rs. 65 crore producing industrial goods worth Rs.130 crores annually and providing employment to about 6800 persons.
The small scale units are manufacturing a wide range of products, such as, industrial brass and copper sheets, brass handicrafts, zinc oxide, Light engineering products, cotton texturised Yarn, cement etc. The industrial non-ferrous metal sheets manufactured in Rewari find a wide application in electrical and tea industry.
The industrial units in Rewari district are exporting a number of products, such as, motor cycles, cotton yarn, hand tools, slates, pharmaceutical, ceramic tiles to a number of countries, such as Australia, Singapore, U.S.A., Germany, Sri Lanka, China, Pakistan etc. The export from the district exceed Rs.30 crores annually.
There are about ten 100% export oriented units in the district which are manufacturing and exporting cotton yarn, zipper, television, slates etc, more such units are in the pipe line which will manufacture a wide range of items, such as, terry towels, beer and beverages etc. Investment, in industrial growth centre at Bawal in Rewari district is coming up fast. The benefits of centrally declared backward district will be provided to the entrepreneurs in this growth centre. The area covered by this growth centre would be 1200 acres, Approx. 106 industrial plots have already been allotted to the entrepreneurs residing within the country and to NRIs by Haryana State Industrial Development Corporation Ltd. The industrial projects coming up at Bawal Growth Centre would be entitled for capital subsidy sales tax exemption/deferment etc.
M/s Sapce Age India Ltd.
M/s.Indo Nission Foods Ltd.
M/s T.I.T. Metal Ltd.
are some of the prestigious units coming up in this area.
Udyog Kunj, a mini industrial estate has come up at Suthani in thisdistrict which has been developed by HSIDC It has 10 builtup sheds in the plot area of 47 sq.mtrs. each and 85 plots of 66 sq.mtrs. each for industries to be sent up by the rural youth. All the 10 sheds have already been allotted to rural entrepreneus by HSIDC and industrial activities in four sheds commenced. 25% subsidy up to a maximum of Rs.2.00 Lacs will be given by Haryana Government to rural youths setting up their units in UDYOG KUNJ.
Delhi-Mumbai Industrial Corridor
Delhi Mumbai Industrial Corridor Project is a mega infra-structural project of USD 90 billion with the financial and technical aids from Japan, covering an overall length of 1,483 km between the political capital and the business capital of India, i.e., Delhi and Mumbai. It will initially link Rewari to Mumbai. Furtherance of the project led to violent incidents in July 2012 when farmers protested against the land acquisition process. In consequence, the government of Haryana instituted a judicial probe into the events and placed a moratorium on the process.
The District Rural Development Agency (DRDA) has traditionally been the principal organ at the District level to oversee the implementation of different anti-poverty programmes. Since its inception, the administrative costs of the DRDAs were met by way of setting apart a share of the allocations for each programme.
However, of late, the number of the programmes had increased and while some of the programmes provided for administrative costs of the DRDAs, others did not. There was no uniformity among the different programmes with reference to administrative costs. Keeping in view the need for an effective agency at the district level to coordinate the anti-poverty effort, a new Centrally Sponsored Scheme for strengthening the DRDAs has been introduced with effect from 1st April, 1999. Accordingly, the administrative costs are met by providing a separate budget provisions. This scheme which is funded on a 75:25 basis between Centre and States, aims at strengthening and professionalsing the DRDAs.
Map of Rewari
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