Overview Of Haryana
Haryana is one of the 29 states in India, situated in North India. It was carved out of the former state of East Punjab on 1 November 1966 on a linguistic basis. It stands 21st in terms of its area, which is spread about 44,212 km2 (17,070 sq mi).As of 2011 census of India, the state is eighteenth largest by population with 25,353,081 inhabitants. The city of Chandigarh is its capital while the NCR city of Faridabad is the most populous city of the state.
Haryana is one of the most economically developed regions in South Asia, and its agricultural and manufacturing industries have experienced sustained growth since the 1970s.Since 2000, the state has emerged as the largest recipient of investment per capita in India.
It is bordered by Punjab and Himachal Pradesh to the north, and by Rajasthan to the west and south. The river Yamuna defines its eastern border with Uttar Pradesh. Haryana surrounds the country's capital Delhi on three sides, forming the northern, western and southern borders of Delhi. Consequently, a large area of south Haryana is included in the National Capital Region for purposes of planning for development.
List of Districts in Haryana
|S No.||District||Headquarters||Population (Census 2011)||Sex Ratio (per 1000)||Average Literacy|
Touristy Spots of Haryana
Just a few minutes' drive from Delhi, Haryana is one state that offers picturesque views and distinct locations of tourist potential. Kurukshetra, where the epic war in Mahabharata was fought, is in this state. Another must-visit attraction of the state is the Badkhal Lake in Faridabad.
The Star Monument near Bhiwani is also a popular attraction that has attracted tourists from around the world. Haryana Tourism has it all, be it temples and forts or lakes and parks.
People and Culture of Haryana
Haryana is a state that boasts of a rich cultural heritage. The history of the state backs to the Vedic period and is mentioned in Hindu mythology too. It is here that Lord Brahma performed his sacrifices and then created the universe.
There is a lot more to add to the glorious heritage of Haryana. This was the land chosen by Ved Vyas to write the epic Mahabharata. The people here still hug their traditions and yoga, meditation and the chanting of mantras are still being followed in the state.
Being the gateway to the Northern part of India, Haryana has witnessed a lot of major wars right from the ancient period. Fearless are the natives of the state who have come up fighting for their rights and values.
Fairs and Festivals of Haryana
Since Haryana was earlier a part of Punjab, the culture of both the states are similar. The major languages spoke in the state are Haryanvi, Hindi, Punjabi, Urdu and English. The state celebrates all the major festivals of the country with grandeur.
Lohri is one of the popular festivals celebrated in the state of Haryana. It is celebrated to welcome the season of fertility, which is just after the winter season and before Makar Sankranti. Traditionally, this festival has its origin in Punjab, but is still celebrated in the whole of Haryana as well.
Gangore, Baisakhi, Gugga Naumi, Surajkund Craft and Kartik Fair are a few other festivals held in Haryana. Haryana Day is celebrated on September 1st of every year as it was the day when the Haryana Tourism Corporation was established.
Haryana – The Land of Rotis
The cuisine of Haryana is as simple as the culture of the land itself. The people here can't resist the hot steaming rotis that are nutritious and delicious as well. Since the state produces a lot of milk, the delicacies here mostly contain milk and milk products.
Haryanvis are those who enjoy simple and nutritional food when compared to the junk food that the metro cities are stuffed with. Some of the common delicacies of the state are lassi, Kachri ki Sabzi, Mixed Dal and Methi Ghajjar.
Connectivity and Conveyance
Haryana is well connected to all the major cities of the nation by air, rail and road. To reach Haryana is easy for the travellers as it is quite close to the capital city, Delhi.
Climate of Haryana
Haryana enjoys a continental climate most of the year. The summers here are extremely hot and has chilling winters. Except for the districts of Karnal and Ambala, Haryana does not receive a great amount of rain in monsoon. The least rainfall is recorded in the districts of Mahendragarh and Hissar.
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