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Faridabad - Overview

 

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Faridabad

Faridabad Overview

Faridabad is one of the largest city in the north Indian state of Haryana in Faridabad district. It is a leading industrial centre and situated in the National Capital Region bordering the Indian Capital New Delhi. Located 284 kilometres south of the state capital Chandigarh, it is the most populous city in the state of Haryana. The river Yamuna forms the eastern district boundary with Uttar Pradesh. Government of India included it the second list of Smart Cities Mission on 24 May 2016.

The newly developed residential and industrial part of Faridabad especially in Sec. 66 to 89 between the Agra Canal and the Yamuna River is commonly referred as Greater Faridabad. The area is being developed as a self-sustained sub-city with wide roads, tall buildings, malls, educational institutions, and health and commercial centres. Sectors 66 to 74 are Industrial Sectors whereas Sectors 75 to 89 are Residential Sectors.

The Delhi-Agra National Highway No.2 (Sher Shah Suri Marg) has passes through the middle of the Faridabad district. The city has many railway stations on the Delhi-Mathura double track broad-gauge line of the North Central Railway. The railway stations of Old Faridabad and Faridabad New Town are the major ones.

 

History of Faridabad

Faridabad was founded in A.D. 1607 by Shaikh Farid, treasurer of Jahangir, with the object of protecting the highway which passed through the town. Shaikh Farid built a fort, a tank and a mosque which are in run-ins. Later, it becomes the headquarters of a pargana which was held in jagir by the Ballabgarh ruler. The District Faridabad came on the map of Haryana on 15th August, 1979 as the 12th District of the state. The new District was carved out from erstwhile Gurgoan District.

 

LOCATION & BOUNDRIES

Faridabad is about 25 Km from Delhi in 28o 25' 16" North Latitude and 77o 18' 28" East Longitude. It is bounded by Union Territory of Delhi (which our National Capital) on its north, Palwal District in the south, Gurgaon District on the west and State of Utter Pradesh on its east. The river Yamuna separate the District Boundary on eastern side with UP State. Delhi-Agra National Highway No.2 (Shershah Suri Marg) passes through centre of District. There are three railway stations (viz. Faridabad Main, New Town and Ballabgarh) on the Delhi-Mathura triple track broad-gauge line of the Indian Railway.

 

Economy and Growth Rate

The Faridabad Small Industries Association claims that Faridabad and Gurgaon districts account for almost 56% of the income tax collected in Haryana which is more than half of the total income tax of state. Faridabad has been selected as one of the hundred Indian cities to be developed as a smart city under PM Narendra Modi's flagship Smart Cities Mission. Faridabad is famous for henna production from the agricultural sector, while tractors, motorcycles, switch gears, refrigerators, shoes and tyres constitute its primary industrial products.

 

AREA & POPULATION

The district having an approximate area of 742.90 Square Kilometres accommodates a population of 17,98,954 (2011 Population census figures) 7.10 % of the state population. Almost 80% population of the District is urbanized. The district has almost flat plains. The river Yamuna flows on its entire eastern boundary. Its sex ratio according to 2011 population census is 871 against 877 in the state while literacy rate is 83.0% against 76.64% in the state. It is the most densely populated district in the state.

 

ADMINISTRATIVE STRUCTURE

Faridabad comes under the Gurgaon Division of Haryana. Haryana is divided in four Divisions. Each Division is headed by Divisional commissioner. The Deputy Commissioner is the administrative head of District. The Faridabad is divided into two Sub Divisions and each Sub Division is headed by Sub Divisional Magistrate (SDM). The district has 111 Gram Panchayats, two Block/Panchayat Samitis and a Zila Parishad located in two Community Development Blocks. It has 192 revenue villages located in 2 tehsils. It has one Parliamentary seat and six state legislative assembly seats.

 

INFRASTRUCTURE

Faridabad has well connectivity network of road and Electricity. All the villages of the District are connected by metalled roads as well as all villages having electricity since 1970. Faridabad is well connected with other parts of the country by Rail and Road. The broad gauge railway line of Northern Railways passes through the District and most of the trains going to South and West of India passes through the District. Also Delhi-Mathura-Agra road NH-2 passes through the middle of the District and Faridabad, & Ballabgarh are the mains towns of the District on the National Highway. District has 6 telephone exchanges and about 126 post offices.

 

INDUSTRY

There are now about 15,000 small, medium and large industries in this complex providing direct and indirect employment to nearly half a million people and ranks ninth largest industrial estate in Asia. The combined turnover is estimated to be about Rs. 1500 billion. Many international/ multinational companies like JCB, Yamaha Motors, Whirlpool, Goodyear, Larsen & Toubro, Asia Brown Boveri, GKN Invel, Woodward Governor, Castrol besides Escorts, Eicher, Cutler Hammer, Hyderabad Asbestos, Nuchem are operating in this belt.

 

What is Right to Information Act (RTI)

The Right to Information Act (RTI) is an Act of the Parliament of India "to provide for setting out the practical regime or government of right to information for citizens" and replaces the erstwhile Freedom of information Act, 2002. The Act applies to all States and Union Territories of India except Jammu & Kashmir. Under the provisions of the Act, any citizen may request information from a "public authority" (a body of Government or "instrumentality of State") which is required to reply expeditiously or within thirty days. The Act also requires every public authority to computerise their records for wide dissemination and to proactively certain categories of information so that the citizens need minimum recourse to request for information formally. This law was passed by Parliament on 15 June 2005 and came fully into force on 12 October 2005.

 

Real Estate in Faridabad

Faridabad has emerged as the most attractive real estate investment destination, after Gurgaon, Delhi and Noida, followed by Alwar, according to a recent study on ‘Determinants of real estate: A survey of Delhi NCR’.

 

Social infrastructure

There are very few property markets across India, where the growth of the physical infrastructure has been in sync with the social infrastructure. Moreover, such trends have traditionally been noticed only in mature property markets, which have been through cyclic highs and lows before stabilising.

The Department of Town & Country Planning has rated Faridabad as an area with high growth potential. Consequently, there is a major thrust on infrastructure development. Added to this, the area now is moving towards holistic development. A number of malls like Crown Plaza Mall, Good Store and Lifestyle, have already come up in the area. Educational institutions, such as Apeejay School Faridabad, Echelon Institute of Technology, Modern Delhi Public School, Palm Beach School for Autism and the Institute of Aviation Management, have also come up. Healthcare facilities include Apex Diagnostics and Polyclinic, Kilkari Paediatrics Clinic, Diagno Aide Pathology Lab and Kalra Child Care Centre.

Map of Faridabad

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